Female Infertility

Learn about Female Inferitlity

One third of infertility cases can be traced to female reproductive problems, one third to the male and the remaining cases are a combination of the two or are of unexplained origin. Infertility in women can involve a number of reproductive organs depending on the nature of the underlying health condition, but there are many treatments designed to improve female fertility and restore reproductive health.

Causes of Infertility in Women

Causes of infertility in women typically involve problems with the ovaries and fallopian tubes. For fertilization to occur, an egg must leave the ovary and travel through the fallopian tube to meet the sperm, but a number of conditions can obstruct this meeting. For instance, endometriosis causes the growth of a tissue similar to uterine lining on or within other reproductive organs. A strong connection exists between endometriosis and infertility: the condition can lead to scarring and blockage of the fallopian tubes, and if a woman does conceive, it can result in repeated miscarriages.

Female infertility may also result from sexually transmitted infections that go undetected, like the virtually symptomless chlamydia that can lead to the obstruction of the fallopian tube or HPV that targets the cervix and can become pre-cancerous. Regular examinations and annual testing for STDs will ensure that these conditions are resolved before any permanent damage can be caused.

Although issues such as endometriosis, egg quality and ovulation disorders cannot be avoided, you can take precautions against the fertility complications that come from STDs, eating disorders and unhealthy habits that will affect egg production and hormonal function. A healthy lifestyle can combine with treatments such as IVF to increases a woman's chances of becoming pregnant.

Solutions for Female Infertility

Surgery might be necessary for some women, but ovulation induction is a less invasive yet promising approach to fertility. This involves the use of fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce several eggs in one ovulation cycle. The relationship between a medication called Clomid and ovulation has helped many women, as the drug helps to regulate ovulation and menstrual periods. But as with any medication, there are possible side effects, so it will not be the right choice for every woman.

For some women, medication will not work and more advanced procedures offered by fertility clinics must be considered. The UAMS women infertility clinic at the University of Arkansas has earned a reputation for their comprehensive fertility program, which includes a variety of IVF and embryo transfer procedures.

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